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Groundnut is the common African word for peanut, and Groundnut Stew or Groundnut Chop is one of many Chop dishes; the Western African version of the Chicken in Peanut-Tomato Sauce eaten all over sub-Saharan Africa. The Western African style is usually more elaborate, with more ingredients and garnishes. Palm-Oil Chop is similar to Groundnut Stew: the main difference is that peanuts (or peanut butter) in Groundnut Stew replace the palm nuts (or canned palm soup base) and in Palm-Oil Chop.
What you need
What you do
This dish also can be made without the meat. Use sweet potatoes and as many of the optional vegetables as possible for the vegetarian version.
More about Groundnut Stew in the Rare Recipes pages:
In Black Man's Palaver (Jonathan Cape, London, 1958), Isobel Ryan describes "Chop", prepared by a hired cook, as a tradition among expatriates:
...'country-chop'...is chicken curry or 'groundnut stew' or 'palm-oil chop'. The main dish, basically chicken, swims in pungent juices and comes with a heaped platter of rice. These nobly centre a table spread with saucered 'gages' [garnishes]: chopped tomatoes, onions, bananas (all both raw and cooked), pineapple, grapefruit, tangerine, prawns and shredded coconut, okra, groundnuts (whole and crushed), powdered ginger, stink-fish, red and green peppers, and chutney -- with a big bowl of cold, astringent fruit salad afterwards to refresh the heated palate. Such is West Africa's own colorful ceremonial contribution to the week's bill of fare; a meal usually preceded by pink gins and washed down with ice-cold beer and best taken with friends at leisure and slept off in the late afternoon of a non-working day. It is the calorie-crammed Coaster meal which pleases not only the formal luncheon party but its servitors and any hangers-on who may follow the rich hot scents to the cookhouse door.
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Congo Cookbook recipes using Peanut Butter (or Peanuts)
Angba ommo adire lowo iku o li ako je ki on ki o re atan lo ije. (Yoruba) : A chicken having been preserved (by being shut up) from death (i.e., the hawk), complained that it was not permitted to feed openly on the dunghill.
(from: Wit and Wisdom from West Africa, Richard Francis Burton)
Anyeminu ni le kusum le, ledzi moni ke onukpai yeo nii. (Ga, Ghana) : The brother or sister who does not respect the traditions of the elders will not be allowed to eat with the elders. Young people should learn and respect the honored ways of the family and community.
(from: African Proverbs, Sayings and Stories Website, www.afriprov.org)